Parenting Styles in the Arab World

Three new parenting styles were identified in the Arab region.

Social Cohesion and Authority

The family component is very important in Arab societies not only because it’s embedded in cultural values but also because parents tend to be overly involved in their children’s life decisions. The impact of the family extends far beyond decisions, it even influences a child’s personality and wellbeing. Being part of a collectivistic society, the self-concept of a typical Arab child tends to be dependent on the family’s reputation and status as well as their support and approval.

Outcomes of Parenting Styles on Arabs

In his early studies, Dwairy found that in the Arab population, authoritative parenting yielded better overall outcomes compared with authoritarian parenting. Authoritative parents are likely to possess strong nurturing skills and moderate control over their children, which enables the child to develop autonomy progressively. Palestinian children of authoritative parents displayed positive self-concept, higher assertiveness, less hostility towards parents, and scored lower in individuality, depression, and behavioral disorders.

Three New Parenting Styles

The primary study in the series assessed parenting styles among various countries, genders, and natures of the region. In most cases, Baumrind’s three established parenting styles were not strictly applicable. In fact, parenting was found to be oriented towards more than one particular style.

  1. Inconsistent: a mix of permissive and authoritarian
  2. Flexible: a mix of permissive and authoritative

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